This is an English surname but of French origins. It derives from the word "tailleur" meaning "a cutter-out of cloth", the surname being adopted from the medieval job description after the 12th century. It is said that over the centuries its numbers have been swelled by its adoption as the English forms of various equivalent continental names such as Schneider, Szabo, and Portnov, which have entered into Britain mainly as refugee names.
Taylor (Tailor, Taylour, Tailyour, Tayler, Tayleur) – English derived from Anglo-Norman French/Middle English taillor ‘tailor’, from Old French tailleur. In Late Latin, taliator was derived from taliare, meaning ‘to cut’.
In 1881, widespread population was 189,341, most predominantly in Lancashire and West Yorkshire with an estimated 16,000 population in each county. In Bristol there were approximately 4,000 residing there. Just to take one southern and one midland county, Kent had 5, 348 bearers and Nottinghamshire had 3, 204 in 1881.
A very early bearer in Kent was one Walter Taylur, recorded in Archaeologia Cantiana (Kent) in 1180. Another early recorded Taylor is William le Taillur, who was recorded in the Pipe Rolls (Somerset) in 1182
Today Taylor is the fourth most common surname in the British Isles with a population of 250,000.
Taylor was also adopted by other Europeans in Britain and the USA as anglicisations of Schneider, Szabo and Portnov. Isaac Taylor, in the 1881 Census for Leeds, was born in Poland and Jacob Taylor in the Census for Liverpool was born in Germany.
In Great Britain, Farming was the most popular of occupations, followed by Agricultural Labour, Labour and Coal Mining.
Most of the early forms of the surname are obsolete. However, a Mr. Taylor, of Kent who had changed his name to Tayleure, once haughtily demanded of a farmer the name of his dog, the man replied, "Why, sir, his proper name is Jowler, but since he's a consequential kind of puppy, we calls him Jouleure!"
State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/180HenryH On the other hand, Henry Taylor of Kent was a convict who was transported aboard the Ann to New South Wales in 1809.
The Latin motto on the arms, 'Fide non Timet', means 'Faith not Fear'.
1881, 1891 Census The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland, P.Hanks, Coats, McClure OUP 2016.
Dictionary of American Family Homes, P Hanks OUP 2003
Homes of Family Names in Great Britain, H.B. Guppy, London 1890
Queensland Library, Australia http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809